A. View of humans: Individuals ruled by the unconscious mind.
B. Psychology should be the study of the unconscious
C. Founded by Freud, who believed that there was conflict among your three personalities:
id: (the "it"), governed by the pleasure principle, the container of inherited psychological energy. It has survival drives such as hunger, thirst and sex.
If you have Netflix and want to take a break and still learn a little about the id, you can watch Episode 1 of the Santa Clarita diet.
People who won't wear masks despite the harm that will do to others are letting their id be in charge.
ego: (the "I"), governed by the reality principle, the center of reason, but not morality.
superego: (the "above me"), governed by the morality principle, represents internalized social standards
D. Weaknesses/Common Objections
1. What is the evidence for a powerful unconscious mind? There was very little evidence during Freud's life. Now, we know that nonconscious processes exist, but they often seem to serve what our conscious mind wants. There is little scientific evidence of unconscious conflicts.
2. Is the therapy based on the theory more effective than other therapies? Doesn't seem to be.
Popular objections (but not necessarily problems with the theory):
E. Application to Therapy: The basic idea is to make the unconscious conscious because Insight---->Cure
But how do you achieve insight? Hint: Not by using hypnosis.
1. Dream interpretation ("the royal road to the unconscious") If you want to see--not as a serious thing but just for fun--how one might use this technique, try this link.
2. Freudian slips
3. Word association
4. Free association and analysis of resistance
5. Projective tests
Review these technique with a clip from the popular television show: The Big Bang
By now you should be able to:
In addition, you should
Back to Schools of Psychology
Back to Lecture Menu