Two important similarities between LTM and a library

  1. Encoding: Getting information into either system requires effort and skill. Dropping books off at the library will not automatically get information into the library's collection. Instead, you will need to bring the book to the librarian's attention and convince the librarian that the book would be a meaningful addition to the library's collection (otherwise, the book will be thrown out or sold at the library's book sale). Similarly, to get information into LTM, you have to pay attention to the information, and you will probably need to make the information meaningful or visual.
  2. Retrieval: Getting the right information out at the right time requires organization. Whether you are talking about a library or a memory, it is hard to find one particular item among many items unless the items are organized (organized information is stored with a cue so that having the cue gets you to the information).


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