p. 126 Magazines versus journals
- Finding Search Terms
- Online Browsing and Searching
- What you should (but probably do not) know about how to conduct a successful Google search
- APA's brief guides for using their resources (including guides for EBSCO, ProQuest , Ovid, and others.
- Ask a librarian (although, usually, you should consult with your school's librarians)
pp. 134-145 Citing Sources
- General advice
- Citing Internet and Other Electronic Sources
- Citing books. In previous editions of the APA's Publication Manual, if a book was published in a famous U.S. city (e.g., New York), you did not need to tell readers in which state that city was located. However, according to the sixth edition, for any book published in the U.S., you must follow the publication city name with the U. S. Postal Service's official abbreviation for the state (e.g., "New York, NY: "). To find the U.S. Post Office's official abbreviation for any state, click here.
- APA's blog on citing sources (short and informative)
- Nice tutorial on citing. Has some good exercises that will help you collect most of the bibliographic information you will need to cite and reference your sources.
- APA examples
- Excellent examples from the University of British Columbia (scroll down to find what you want)
- Great site for examples of how to cite electronic sources and non-journal sources
- Purdue University's examples of online sources (e.g., blogs, podcasts, wikis, software, lecture notes, interviews)
- Sample reference page and examples of how to reference 27 different kinds of sources
- Trinity University's examples of citing online sources (excellent and extensive)
- UNC site on citing online and nonprint sources
- Georgia Southern's short pdf on referencing (has good examples and nice, brief explanations)
- Referencing a Kindle or other e-book version of a book.
p. 151, footnote 8: Information about Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs)
- Our mini-tutorials on DOIs (a good way to learn how to correctly reference a source)
- To see examples of where you might find your article's DOI, click here.
- If you have the first page of the article in front of you, you can get its DOI by going to this page.
- Check a DOI by typing or pasting that DOI into the text box at the bottom of the page (or just type http://dx.doi.org/ and your doi into your brower's location
- Short video on finding and using a DOI to make an APA-style reference (from Northern Michigan University)
p. 151, Footnote 9:
p. 163: Referencing nontraditional sources (e.g., cd-roms, videos, television shows, dissertations)
p. 166: Stopping Word from underlining URLs
p. 168 Using computerized tools for formatting your references
- Dr. Megan E. Bradley's tutorials on conducting on-line searches
- Quick visual tutorial on the basics of Boolean searches (i.e., using "AND," "OR," and "NOT").
- A great PsycInfo tutorial from Muhlenberg University
- How to use PsycINFO on EBSCOhost
- An excellent tutorial on Internet searching
- PubMed tutorial
- Very short tutorial on doing Google searches
Finding search terms
The best source of keywords and related terms will be the PsycINFO thesaurus. However, if you do not have access to that resource, try the following.
- Highbeam Encyclopedia (will often look up your term in Colman's dictionary of psychology, and that dictionary will often provide you alternative search terms)
- Hyperdictionary (highly recommended)
- List of topics from APA (has links to articles related to each topic)
- Roget's Thesaurus
- Thinkmap Visual Thesaurus
- Graphwords: Helps you see related terms and their definitions so that you can find the word that best fits your concept
- Wikipedia will usually give you alternative search terms, especially if your original term is broad. Look for other search terms in (a) the introduction to the article (when the term will be defined), (b) in the first section of the article after the introduction (often labeled "1 Forms of ..." or "Versions"), (c) before the References, there may be a "See also" section, and (d) in the side bar box on the right side of the screen (most entries will not have such boxes). If you want to go directly to Wikipedia's list of psychology topics, click here.
Online Browsing and Searching
- Browse the table of contents, as well as selected articles, from APA journals.
- PSYCLINE: A good source for locating online journals
- Browse and search online journals.
- Starting your online search
- Use this search engine to begin exploring your topic
- Tips for tracking down a relevant website
- Finding newer sources from an article by finding articles that cite your source
- ERIC: Educational Resources Information Center
- RefScout is currently a free service that will screen databases covering life and medical sciences for the key words or the combination of key words you specified and will automatically update you with any abstract that has come up during the last seven days.
- on-line journals from EBSCO The Ebsco online journal service allows users to access abstracts, online journals, and full text journal articles via two ways. If your university subscribes to Ebsco Host, you will be allowed to access thousands of full text academic articles from a wide variety of fields. In addition, there is a special database, epsyche, which is specifically designed to search records related to the psychological and behavioral fields of study.
If you are unable to access the Ebsco Host, you may be able to search full text articles and abstracts by subscribing to the EBSCO database.
Clipping and organizing information from Internet sources
Without fancy software:
- Although the above programs are great, you can also clip and save notes by just copying and pasting the notes into a text file. Start by creating a folder on your computer and naming that folder with the name of your project. Then, create a file in Word (or any other word-processing program) that you name "Sources For Project Name." Then, click on the web page, pdf file, or Word file of the document you want, select all (usually by hitting the control key and the "a" key at the same time), select copy (usually by hitting the control key and the "c" key at the same time), then click on your text document, and then paste the text into it (usually by hitting the control key and the "v" key at the same time). Be sure that you have copied the source of the information--and make a note of the date you retrieved this source. Then, save your text file.
- Bookmarking key websites
Tools for helping you keep track of your Internet sources and help you with your References section
Plagiarism and taking notes on your sources
Checking your paper for plagiarism
Citing and referencing sources in APA style
- A free website that helps you get your references in APA style. Note that that you have to follow its instructions perfectly. For example, if you use the book search tool, you still need to add the book's edition in the appropriate place. In addition, even if you follow its instructions perfectly, you may still end up with some spacing (especially hanging indent) problems.
- A free website that helps you create APA style citations to websites
Getting Microsoft Word to Cooperate With APA Formatting Requirements
Sites that show you how to get Microsoft Word to produce the hanging indents you need for your references.
Steps for stopping Microsoft Word from coloring and underlining the URL you want to put in your reference page.
You may be able to right click on the link and then choose "remove hyperlink." If that does not work,
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