What your lab report or research report should look like
p. 71: Additional sample outlines of introductions (password is last word of page 71's first paragraph)
- problem
- participants
- procedures
- present findings related to the hypothesis (often including p values, effect sizes, and confidence intervals)
- (im)plications
pp. 79-81: Writing the Results section: To conform to the 6th edition guidelines, use RHYMES with confidence: Relate results to Hypotheses, using Your Means, Effect sizes, Significance tests, and confidence intervals.
p. 81: Statistical tools
p-value calculators
Graphpad's http://graphpad.com/quickcalcs/PValue1.cfm
Vassarstats' http://faculty.vassar.edu/lowry/tabs.html
p. 89, footnote 7
Standard deviation calculators
From WebMath
From Xuru
From Professor Arsham
Standard error calculators
Graphpad's (note that SEM is an abbreviation for standard error of the mean)
Confidence interval calculators
For one mean
For the difference between two means
Graphpad's (In step 3, select the second button "A-B")
p. 89, footnote 8: Comparing two graphs
Graphing
Making Graphs
An online computer program from the U.S. government that will help you produce a graph.
Making APA-Style Graphs
- Using Our Templates
Bar graphs Just download the MS Word file, double-click on the graph you want, and replace the existing values with your values. This is really easy! The password to use is the third word on p. 89.
Line graphs Just download the MS Word file, double-click on the graph you want, and replace the existing values with your values. This is really easy! The password to use is the third word on p. 88 (type it in lower case).
- Using MS Excel
p. 92: Having your word processor make the appropriate symbol representing certain units of measurement
To make Ω (the abbreviation for ohm)
Type 03A9 then, while holding down the "alt" key, click "x." If this does not work, be sure that, for the first character, you typed a zero instead of the letter "o." Alternatively, you can make a "Ω" by going to the "Insert" menu, selecting "Symbol...," and then scrolling down until you find it. When you highlight it, you should see the words "Greek capital letter omega" above the "AutoCorrect" button. To insert Ω into your document, just click the "Insert" button.
To make ° (the abbreviation for degree),
Type "00b0." (Note that you are just typing four characters--three zeroes and a "b"). Then, while holding down the "alt" key, click "x." Alternatively, you can make ° by going to the "Insert" menu, selecting "Symbol...," and then scrolling down until you find it. When you highlight it, you should see the words "DEGREE SIGN" above the "AutoCorrect" button. To insert ° into your document, just click the "Insert" button.
p. 110: How to make hanging indents