Correlation and causality


Correlation and causality. Stress that correlation does not prove causation because it only meets one of three criteria necessary to establish causation (covariation). Going over Box7.2 (page 229) will make this point quite clear. One way to make the point is to present a relationships and have students come up with causal explanations for those relationships. To make this activity more fun, argue on behalf of incorrect causal explanations. Relationships you could use include


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