Guide to using the learning objectives

Learning Objectives for Chapter 15 – Putting it all Together:  Writing Research Proposals and Reports


Pages 464-465


1.                Define1research journal. Outline3 what you would put in your research journal and how you would organize it.

2.                Compare4 and contrast4 research journal with research proposal.

3.                List1 nine issues to address in your research proposal. Outline3 how you will address these issues in your research proposal.


Pages 466-474


4.                Produce5 a description of the four things a reader should know after reading the introduction to your paper.

5.                Discuss2 each of the following in relationship to the goal of demonstrating the importance of your study:

a.     prevalence

b.    relevance

c.     precedence.

6.                Defend4 the following statement, “one way of establishing historical precedence is to summarize research done on the topic.”

7.                Describe2 the two primary goals of the literature review.

8.                Design5 a method for deciding which literature to summarize in a literature review.

9.                Explain2 how a hypothesis should be stated.

10.           Defend4 the following statement: “Be cautious about using the word ‘cause’ when stating your hypothesis.”

11.           Define1each of the following types of studies:

a.    exploratory

b.    direct replication

c.    systematic replication

d.    conceptual replication

e.    replication and extension

f.       theory-testing.

12.           Describe2 three problems a researcher might have when writing the introduction to an exploratory study.

13.           Describe2 two important things you would have to accomplish to write an effective introduction for a direct replication study.

14.           Explain 2 how a systematic replication might be designed to have

a.     more power than the original study

b.    more construct validity than the original study

c.     more external validity than the original study.

15.           Describe2 three different ways of changing a study to create a conceptual replication.

16.           Describe2  how you would justify extending a study by adding an additional independent variable to a study.

17.           Describe2  how you would justify extending a study by adding an additional dependent variable.

18.           Explain2  the challenge of writing the introduction to a theory-testing study.


Pages 474-481


19.           Define1 plagiarism. Explain2 why plagiarism is a serious offense.

20.           Describe2  the two main purposes of the method section.

21.           State1 what information should be included in a Participants section.

22.           State1 what information should be included in a Procedure section. Explain2how you could help readers (a) see what happened from the participants’ perspective and (b) learn the relevant procedural details yet not be overwhelmed by procedural details.

23.           Explain2 what readers should learn from reading the Results section.

24.           Explain2 what readers should learn from reading the Discussion section.

25.           Describe2 what should be included in a title.

26.           Outline3 the six basic sentences that should comprise your Abstract.

27.              State1 two common errors people make in assembling their reference list.

28.               Describe2 two strategies you can use to make sure that your individual references are in APA style.


Pages 481-486


29.           Describe2  how the following sections will change from proposal to final research report:

a.     Title page

b.    References

c.     Introduction

d.    Method section

e.    Abstract.

30.           Defend4 your inclusion or exclusion of the following results subsections in your paper:

a.     “results describing the distribution of scores”

b.    “results supporting the measure’s validity”

c.     “results of the manipulation check.”

31.           Describe2  the main purpose of the results section.

32.           Compose5 a brief description of tips you would provide to someone on how to write a good results section.

33.           State1 two reasons the discussion section of your final report will probably differ from the discussion section of your proposal.

34.           List1 at least six tasks that you should accomplish in the discussion section. Rank6 the six tasks in importance for your paper. Propose5 subheadings for your discussion section based on the three tasks you ranked the highest.





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