A. View of humans:
B. What psychology should be:
C. Founded by quacks, biologists, and physicians and is still extremely popular today.
Examples of past adventures in neurophysiological research:
Examples of its popularity today:
Evidence (but certainly not proof) for the idea that the physical brain controls thought, emotion, and behavior.
- Early evidence: The strange case of Phineas Gage
- More recent evidence:
Note: If you are wondering about whether you are depressed, you could take the following test.
- The strange case of cat poop and personality
- Drugs that may cause depression include some antidepressants, some anti-anxiety drugs, some opioids, and even some allergy medicines.
D. Objections/Problems with this "physical" approach
1. Philosophical question: The mind body problem: What is the relationship between the mind/soul and the body/brain?E. Promising new developments
Some see near death experiences as evidence for more the mind being more than the body.
However, there are scientific explanations for out-of-body experiences supporting the view that the mind is nothing more than the brain (video)
2. Two (past) scientific problems
(Remember: Science depends on e_____________).
F. Applications to Therapy
Ad for bipolar medication
In the past, surgery included lobotomy.
Story of a person who had a lobotomy (from PBS).
A brief history of the lobotomy
2. Questions/Objections to Biological Therapies
You should now be able to:
1. Explain why no single approach is sufficient to completely understand human behavior.
2. Explain the neurophysiological approach to psychology.
3. List at least three objections to the neurophysiological approach.
4. Describe at least one instance where the neurophysiological approach has been very successful.
5. Evaluate the statement: The neurophysiological approach is the most scientific approach to studying psychology.
6. Be able to explain how a neurophysiologist would diagnose a violent individual.
You should also:
- Get a more detailed look at how the brain and nervous system work.
- Look at this very nice web site that has something (neurophysiological) for everyone. It starts by explaining the very basics of neurophysiology at a level an elementary school child could understand. However, you can also, if you wish, go fairly far beyond the basics at this site. Despite the name, it's not just for kids! A good beginning point is the link for "Exploring the brain and nervous system."
- Know some of the differences between the left and right brain (interesting video).
- Review this concept map.
- Go through this interactive tour of the brain.
- Go through this cool memory and the brain tutorial from National Geographic.
- If you have time, you might play with this interactive brain (from open colleges).
- Take this short quiz.
- Be sure that you understand the basics of the neuron.
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