1. If the results of a study are statistically significant, the results of the study are probably reliable. 
 True 
 False 

2. Statistically significant results are 
 probably due to chance 
 probably not due to chance 

3. If the results are statistically significant, the researcher will probably 
 reject the null hypothesis 
 not reject the null hypothesis 

4. A difference between the average scores of the treatment group and the control group could be due to chance alone. 
 True 
 False 

5. The greater the difference between the experimental group scores and the control group scores, the more likely the results are to be statistically significant. 
 True 
 False 

6. Two simple experiments (Experiment A and Experiment B) obtained similar results. That is, in both experiments, the experimental group scored an average of 10 points higher than the control group. Experiment A studied 20 participants. Experiment B studied 200 participants. Which experiment is more likely to obtain statistically significant results? 
 Experiment A 
 Experiment B 
