Three ways to look at psychology:
#1 As a field that uses the scientific
#2 As a useful field with several important practical
#3 As a broad field
Definition: The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
#1 What do we mean when we say psychology is a science?
and Disadvantages of the Scientific Approach
|Facts may replace opinions
||1. The scientific approach can't answer some very important questions.
|2. Finding simple rules to explain behavior may be depressingly demystifying
|3. Finding simple rules to explain behavior may be impossible.
Conclusions about the Value of the Scientific Approach
Science is better than quackery (Explore
this Science vs. Quackery link)
Using the scientific approach can tell us things about human behavior that
we didn't already know.
#2 What are psychology's four goals?
1. Describe behavior
2. Predict behavior
3. Explain (understand) behavior
4. Control behavior
Practice on distinguishing between psychology's goals.
#3 Why do we say that psychology is a broad field ?
a. There are many kinds of behavior
we could examine
1. Physiological reactions
2. Overt behavior and actions
b. Individuals are affected by many factors
II. Conclusions: Why study psychology?
(from biological factors to physical factors to sociological factors)
Hear how evolution may be affecting your mating and other behavior
c. Topics covered in class and in text
d. Types of psychologists
e. Problems attacked by psychologists
1. Advantages of studying the "central
major science of our time."
2. Your goals are psychology's goals
(see whether your
nonpsychological goals are good for you)
3. Psychology is probably relevant to your major
4. Psychology is relevant to your career
a. As a non-psychology major
b. As a psychology major
Hot Careers for the 2018 and beyond
By now, you should be able to do the following from memory. If you
can't, you can get a hint by clicking on the link.
Explain how psychology differs from philosophy.
State the defining characteristic of the scientific
List at least one advantage and one disadvantage of using
the scientific approach to studying human behavior.
Explain why psychology uses the scientific approach.
Identify the four major goals of psychology.
Give examples to illustrate the point that psychology
is a broad field.
State at least two reasons why knowing about psychology
will help you.
Describe common career options for psychology majors.
- Understand this concept map about objectivity.
- Review this concept map about the
breadth of psychology.
- Try this interactive quiz.
In addition, you might review the following concept map.